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Matsuzaki, F., Matsumoto, S., Yahara, I., Yonezawa, N., Nishida, E. & Sakai, H. (1988) Cloning and Characterization of Porcine Brain Cofilin cDNA. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 11564-11568. 


Cofilin is a widely distributed, pH-sensitive, actin-modulating protein with an apparent molecular mass of 21 kDa, which forms intranuclear and/or cytoplasmic actin/cofilin rods in cultured fibroblastic cells under specific conditions. In this study, a cDNA library from porcine brain mRNA was constructed, and full-length brain cofilin cDNA clones were isolated by screening with oligonucleotide probes. The deduced amino acid sequence of cofilin is 166 residues long and contains a sequence of Lys-Lys-Arg-Lys-Lys which is very similar to the nuclear transport signal sequence (Pro-Lys-Lys-Lys-Arg-Lys-Val) of SV40 large T antigen. The sequence may act as a signal capable of inducing nuclear accumulation of cofilin in cells exposed to heat shock or dimethyl sulfoxide. The cofilin sequence contains a hexapeptide (Asp-Ala-Ile-Lys- Lys-Lys) identical to the amino-terminal sequence (residues 2-7) of muscle and nonmuscle tropomyosin. Cofilin also has in the carboxyl- terminal portion a region homologous to the sequence shared by gelsolin, fragmin, and Acanthamoeba profilin. Furthermore, the overall amino acid sequence of cofilin shows weak homology with the rod portion of myosin and suggests a high alpha-helical content.
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