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Ono, S., McGough, A., Pope, B. J., Tolbert, V. T., Bui, A., Pohl, J., Benian, G. M., Gernert, K. M. & Weeds, A. G. (2001) The C-terminal tail of UNC-60B (Actin Depolmerizing Factor/Cofilin) is critical for maintaining its stable association with F-actin and is implicated in the second actin-binding site.  J.Biol.Chem. 276, 5952-5958.


Actin depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin changes the twist of actin filaments by binding two longitudinally associated actin subunits. In the absence of an atomic model of the ADF/cofilin-F-actin complex, we have identified residues in ADF/cofilin that are essential for filament binding. Here, we have characterized the C-terminal tail of UNC-60B (a nematode ADF/cofilin isoform) as a novel determinant for its association with F-actin. Removal of the C-terminal isoleucine (Ile152) by carboxypeptidase A or truncation by mutagenesis eliminated F-actin binding activity but strongly enhanced actin depolymerizing activity. Replacement of Ile152 by Ala had a similar but less marked effect; F-actin binding was weakened and depolymerizing activity slightly enhanced. Truncation of both Arg151 and Ile152 or replacement of Arg151 with Ala also abolished F-actin binding and enhanced depolymerizing activity. Loss of F-actin binding in these mutants was accompanied by loss or greatly decreased severing activity. All of the variants of UNC-60B interacted with G-actin in an indistinguishable manner from wild type. Cryoelectron microscopy showed that UNC-60B changed the twist of F-actin to a similar extent to vertebrate ADF/cofilins. Helical reconstruction and structural modeling of UNC-60B-F-actin complex reveal how the C terminus of UNC-60B might be involved in one of the two actin-binding sites.
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