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Plant Cytokinesis

Updated 17/5/02

Plant cytokinesis differs significantly from that of animal cells in that instead of forming a contractile ring, plant cells divide by the formation of cross walls between the two daughter cells (Field et al, 1999).  New cell wall material is brought to the centre in vesicles by the microtubule system forming the phragmoplast a complex organelle consisting of both microtubules and actin filaments.
The Plant Cytoskeleton  

References:-

Barrero, R. A., Umeda, M., Yamamura, S. & Uchimiya, H. (2002) Arabidopsis CAP regulates the actin cytoskeleton necessary for plant cell elongation and division. The Plant Cell. 14, 149-163.

Bogre, L., Calderini, O., Binarova, P., Mattauch, M., Till, S., Kiegerl, S., Jonak, C., Pollaschek, C., Barker, P., Huskisson, N.S. (1999). A MAP kinase is activated late in plant mitosis and becomes localised to the plane of cell division. Plant Cell 11, 101-113.

Bowerman, B. & Severson, A. F. (1999) Cell division: plant-like properties of animal cell cytokinesis. Current Biology. 9, R658-R660.

Field, C., Li, R. & Oegema, K. (1999) Cytokinesis in eukaryotes: a mechanistic comparison. Curr.Op.Cell Biol. 11, 68-80.

Gallagher, K. & Smith, L. G. (2000) Roles for polarity and nuclear determinants in specifying daughter cell fates after an asymmetric cell division in the maize leaf. Curr.Biol. 10, 1229-1232.

Giménez-Albián, M. I., Utrillo, L., Cánovas, J. L., Giménez-Martín, G., Navarrete, M. H. & De la Torre, C. (1989) The positional control of mitosis and cytokinesis in higher-plant cells. Planta. 204, 37-43.

Lauber, M.H., Waizenegger, I., Steinmann, T., Schwartz, H., Mayer, U., Hwang, I., Lukowitz, W. & Jurgens, G. (1997). The Arabidopsis KNOLLE protein is a cytokinesis-specific syntaxin. J.Cell Biol. 139, 1485-1493.

Mineyuki, Y. (1999) The prometaphase band of microtubules: its function as a cytokinetic apparatus in higher plants. Int.Rev.Cytol. 187, 1-49.

Nishihama, R., Soyano, T., Ishikawa, M., Araki, S., Tanaka, H., Asada, T., Irie, K., Ito, M., Terada, M., Banno, H., Yamazaki, Y. & Machida, Y. (2002) Expansion of the cell plate in plant cytokinesis requires a kinesin-like protein/MAPKKK complex. Cell. 109, 87-99.

Smith, L. G., Gerttula, S. M., Han, S. & Levy, J. (2001) TANGLED1: A microtubule binding protein required for the spatial control of cytokinesis in maize. J.Cell Biol. 152, 231-236.

Smith, L. G. (2002) Plant cytokinesis: Motoring to the finish. Curr. Biol. 12, R206-R209.

Staehelin, L. A. & Hepler, P. K. (1996) Cytokinesis in higher plants. Cell. 84, 821-824.

Verma, D. P. S. (2001) Cytokinesis and building of the cell plate in plants. Ann.Rev.Plant.Physiol.Plant Mol.Biol. 52, 751-784.

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