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Afadin

 A large PDZ containing family of actin-binding proteins concentrated at the adherens junction (Ikeda et al, 1999). Afadins bind a variety of proteins at the junctions.  One of the afadin binding partners are the nectin family of adhesion molecules (Reymond et al, 2001).  The nectins are homologs of the group of proteins that include the poliovirus receptors (PVR/CD155/PRR).  Afadin is similar to AFAP-110 in that it binds actin through a C-terminal domain but the actin-binding region (1631-1829) is not obviously similar to other actin-binding motifs (Mandai et al, 1997).

 

References:-

Ikeda, W., Nakanishi, H., Miyoshi, J., Mandai, K., Ishizaki, H., Tanaka, M., Togawa, A., Takahashi, K., Nishioka, H., Yoshida, H., Mizoguchi, A., Nishikawa, S.-i., & Takai, Y. (1999). Afadin: A key moleculae essential for structural organization of cell-cell junction of polarized epithelia during embryogenesis. J.Cell Biol. 146(5), 1117-1132.

Mandai, K., Nakanishi, H., Satoh, A., Obaishi, H., Wada, M., Nishioka, H., Itoh, M., Mizoguchi, A., Aoki, T., Fujimoto, T., Matsuda, Y., Tsukita, S. & Takai, Y. (1997) Afadin: A novel actin-filament-binding protein with one PDZ domain localized at cadherin-based cell-to-cell adherens junction., J. Cell Biol. 139, 517-528.

Reymond, N., Fabre, S., Lecocq, E., Adelaide, J., Dubreuil, P. & Lopez, M. (2001) Nectrin4/PRR4, a new Afadin-associated member of the nectin family that trans-interacts with nectin1/PRR1 through V domain interaction., J.Biol.Chem. 276, 43205-43215.

 
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