Not to be confused with
another cell wall degrading genus Vampyrella! Vampyrellidium
has some ultrastructural similarity to Nuclearia as well
as sharing a relativily simple life history (Patterson
et al, 1987). The genus is also similar in
feeding habit to the Vampyrellid amoeba described by Old &
Darbyshire (Old & Darbyshire, 1978).
Mitochondria are similar to Nuclearia and both have golgi
surrounding the nucleus and a filamentous surface coat. The most
remarkable feature of both Vampyrellidium and
Nuclearia is a perinuclear striated band associated with
microtubules! However, Vampyrellidium is similar to Vampyrella
and differs from Nuclearia in that it feeds on algae by
penetration. A large Vampyrellid amoeba (100um
in length), has been found to be relatively common in waters around
mangrove in Florida, US. (Rogerson &
Isolated first from Loughrigg
Tarn, Lake District, England. April 1977 (Patterson
et al, 1987).
The original member of the
genus described by Zopf (Zopf, 1885)
Patterson, D.J., Surek, B., & Melkonian, M.
(1987). "The ultrastructure of Vampyrellidium perforans
Surek & Melkonian and its taxonomic position among the naked filose
amoebae. J.Protozool. 34(1): 63-67.
Old, K.M. & Darbyshire, J.F. (1978).
"Soil fungi as food for giant amoebae". Soil.Biol. Biochem.
Rogerson, A. & Gwaltney, C. (2000).
"High numbers of naked amoebae in the planktonic waters of a
mangrove stand in Southern Florida." J.Euk.Microbiol. 47(3):
Surek, B. & Melkonian, M. (1980). "The
filose amoeba Vampyrellidium perforans nov.sp. (Vampyrellidae,
Aconchulinida): Axenic culture, feeding behaviour and host range
specifity." Arch. Protistenk. 123:
Zopf, W. (1885). "Die pilzthiere oder
Schleimpilze". In Schenk, A. Handbuch der Botanik Trewendt,
Breslau 3(2): 1-174.